The fifth issue of the Medical Education Marathon focused on a competency-based approach in medical education
The role of education in our lives is difficult to overestimate. The process of obtaining it is multifaceted and in a way magical. One of the approaches of this magic creation is the competence based approach, which has become an integral feature of education in the global context. The competency-based approach differs from the previous ones. First of all the difference is that the educational programs are focused on graduates: what they need to know what skills to demonstrate, what level of readiness to fulfill their job responsibilities.
On December 8, during the fifth issue of the Medical Education Marathon, we had a meaningful conversation with the panellists and discussed the need to use the approach in the education of future medical professionals. We considered how to integrate the approach into the work of educational institutions faster and more widely, and also heard the story of the creation of the manual “Competence-based approach in medical education”. You can watch the broadcast at this link → http://mededu.tilda.ws/marathon/5
“We see the danger in the teaching formats, when educators came, delivered the material, monitored and left. It is scary when there is no interaction and vision of a future specialist who is trained by one or another educational program. Competence-based approach provides an opportunity to rebuild the teacher’s consciousness of what he does and who he prepares,” says Olena Yeremenko, Deputy Chairman of the National agency for the quality of higher education, Doctor of Philology, Professor.
It is difficult to imagine the educational process without talented teachers: “Teaching skills are very important for educators. Often the problem is that no one teaches educators how to teach. Therefore, we see mostly a focus on our own past learning experience. Teachers are often required to do a lot, but for some reason there is not much attention paid to their development,” says Natalia Starynska, teaching coach, accreditation expert and National agency of the quality of higher education expert coach, head of the NGO Higher, certified project manager and project management trainer, facilitator.
“One of the current problems in training medical professionals is that there is often no effective interaction between educators and students. Teachers need to ask themselves specific questions what do I want to convey to my students, what benefits will my teaching have for the specific community of the specialist I teach,” said Iryna Voloshyna, MD, Professor of Family Medicine, Therapy, Cardiology and Neurology of the postgraduation education faculty, Zaporizzhia state medical university, national trainer MhGAP and ICF WHO Ukraine, member of the Board of Academy of Family Medicine of Ukraine, EPCCS European Primary Care Cardiovascular Society and NGO “Parents for Vaccination”.
Taras Boychuk agrees that it is important to invest attention and resources in teachers. It is necessary to teach how to effectively apply the competence approach: “I was a reviewer of the textbook, I discovered many new things. I am increasingly aware that we need to focus a lot on training and supporting teachers.”
“Educators have the opportunity to change, but they did not have the knowledge or skills to do so. Rearrangement takes time. Therefore, the Ukrainian-Swiss project “Medical Education Development” helps in various formats, one of which was a guide on the competence based approach. It is part of the global approach that we use in the Project – a brick in building the capacity of medical health care,” said Olena Ignashchuk, coordinator of medical education of the Ukrainian-Swiss project” Medical Education Development”.
“We understand that when we learn throughout life, competencies are a guide for us; for example, CPD in the medical field. Therefore, students in accordance with the competence approach play a slightly more active role. The sooner students understand how they want to build their studies and what competencies they need to acquire, the more effective the educational process will be,” said Anna Mygal, coach of Other Education.
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